A new study shows no decline in overall youth tobacco use since 2011. 4.7 million middle and high school students report using a tobacco product; and almost half use at least two.
The new data is published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Tobacco Products in today's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).
More than 2.3 million of the students were current users of two or more tobacco products. Three million middle and high school students were current users of e-cigarettes in 2015, up from 2.46 million in 2014.
Sixteen percent of high school and 5.3 percent of middle school students were current users of e-cigarettes in 2015, making e-cigarettes the most commonly used tobacco product among youth for the second consecutive year.
"E-cigarettes are now the most commonly used tobacco product among youth, and use continues to climb," said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. "No form of youth tobacco use is safe. Nicotine is an addictive drug and use during adolescence may cause lasting harm to brain development."
In addition to e-cigarettes and cigarettes, high school students used other tobacco products:
• 8.6 percent smoked cigars,
• 7.2 percent used hookahs,
• 6.0 percent used smokeless tobacco,
• percent smoked pipe tobacco, and
• 0.6 percent smoked bidis.
After e-cigarettes and cigarettes, middle school students reported using these products:
• 2.0 percent used hookahs,
• 1.8 percent used smokeless tobacco,
• 1.6 percent smoked cigars,
• 0.4 percent smoked pipe tobacco, and
• 0.2 percent smoked bidis.
Among non-Hispanic white and Hispanic high school students, e-cigarettes were the most commonly used tobacco product. Among non-Hispanic black high school students, cigars were the most commonly used tobacco product. Cigarette use was higher among non-Hispanic whites than among non-Hispanic blacks. Smokeless tobacco use was higher among non-Hispanic whites than students of other races.
"We're very concerned that one in four high school students use tobacco, and that almost half of those use more than one product," said Corinne Graffunder, Dr.P.H., M.P.H., director of CDC's Office on Smoking and Health. "We know about 90 percent of all adult smokers first try cigarettes as teens. Fully implementing proven tobacco control strategies could prevent another generation of Americans from suffering from tobacco-related diseases and premature deaths."
FDA has regulatory authority over cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, roll-your-own tobacco, and smokeless tobacco. The agency is finalizing the rule to bring additional tobacco products such as e-cigarettes, hookahs, and some or all cigars under that same authority.
"The FDA remains deeply concerned about the overall high rate at which children and adolescents use tobacco products, including novel products such as e-cigarettes and hookah," said Mitch Zeller, director of the FDA's Center for Tobacco Products. "Finalizing the rule to bring additional products under the agency's tobacco authority is one of our highest priorities, and we look forward to a day in the near future when novel tobacco products like e-cigarettes and hookah are properly regulated and responsibly marketed."
Regulating the manufacturing, distribution, and marketing of tobacco products – coupled with proven population-based strategies – can reduce youth tobacco use and initiation. These strategies include funding tobacco control programs at CDC-recommended levels, increasing prices of tobacco products, implementing and enforcing comprehensive smoke-free laws, and sustaining hard-hitting media campaigns.
To learn more about quitting and preventing children from using tobacco, visit www.BeTobaccoFree.gov.
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