This year over 245,000 men and women will be diagnosed with prostate and ovarian cancer. As part of September cancer awareness month we want you to know what tests are available and how to detect the symptoms.
Annual health visits play a huge role, it allows your physician to track changes if there are any.
For women, a pelvic exam can be conducted. A doctor will feel the shape, size and consistency of the ovaries but even when checked it will still be difficult to predict if cancer is present. However, this can help determine other health issues. Women also have the option of using an ultrasound, it can see if a solid mass or cyst is forming.
According to the American Cancer Society, new pains such as abdominal swelling, pelvic pressure, difficulty eating or urinary issues lasting more than a few weeks should be examined by a doctor immediately, typically a gynecologist.
For men, a prostate-specific antigen test (PSA) can be performed. It can determine early stages by checking the your prostate levels. But the tests aren't always accurate, they have been scrutinized because they can bear false positives and false negatives. Dr. Adam Jones of Phoebe Putney says this is a test the patient and their health care professional would have to discuss in depth.
Prostate cancer is the second biggest cancer killer among men, it's recommended to discuss the risks around age 50.
Ovarian cancer is the most deadly of the female reproductive system and typically affects women over the age of 40.
20% of ovarian cancers are detected early.