MCLB says that 430 Marines are stationed aboard the base, and it employs 2,980 Civilian workers.
The primary mission of the base is to rebuild and repair ground combat and combat support equipment and to support installations on America's East Coast.
The Marines picked Albany for the site of the base because the area is on level ground, and due to its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and the shipping point at Blount Island.
Military bases are built on high ground, and MCLB did not flood in 1994, when Albany was hit with Georgia's worst natural disaster. The flood caused by Hurricane Alberto dumped 24 inches of rain on the state. Another flood in 1998 did nothing to affect MCLB.
The base was commissioned on March 1, 1952, as the Marine Corps Depot of Supplies, under the command of Brigadier General R. P. Coffman.
The commanding general at MCLB Albany also commands, MCLB Barstow, California, and the Blount Island Command in Jacksonville, Florida.
MCLB operated under several official names until November 1, 1978, when the installation was renamed the Marine Corps Logistics Base, Albany.
The base supplied equipment to Marine forces throughout America's involvement in Vietnam.
It continues that tradition in the early 1990's in Operation Desert Storm against Saddam Hussein, and continued throughout the second operation in Iraq. Many Marine Civilians have served in Iraq and Afghanistan, repairing and maintaining MRAPS: Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles.
In June of 2008, the Marine Corps spent $15 million on new residential housing at the base, replacing other structures that dated to the 1950's.
About 300 workers were laid off in November and December of 2009.