A bunion is an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe, and may eventually lead to an outward position of the big toe or even overlap of the 2nd toe if left untreated. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, and difficulty wearing shoes comfortably. If conservative treatment is not successful then surgery may be needed.
Hammer toe is a condition where a toe bends downward like a claw. Symptoms may include foot pain, calluses on the sole of the foot, or corns on the top of the toe, and difficulty with shoe fit. When conservative treatment does not provide relief, surgery may be recommended to straighten the toe joint.
Heel pain is one of the most common problem affecting the foot and ankle. Many times, heel pain will go away with conservative treatment. However, many people try to ignore the early signs of heel pain and do not get professional help until later. When you continue to walk on a sore heel without treatment, it will only get worse and could become a chronic condition leading to even more problems. Heel pain can be caused by many factors, and a variety of conservative treatments are available. Heel surgery is sometimes needed to relieve the painful condition.
Diabetic Foot Care
Diabetes mellitus represents several diseases in which high blood glucose levels over time can damage a wide range of tissues or organs including nerves, kidneys, eyes, and blood vessels. Diabetes can also decrease the body's ability to fight infection. Foot problems commonly develop in people with diabetes and can quickly become serious. Anyone with diabetes should have an initial foot exam and subsequent visits as recommended.
Toenail conditions such as fungus nails, ingrown nails, or infections of nails can develop at any age. Toenail problems can also occur as a result of various consequences such as trauma, inadequate care, wearing ill-fitting shoes, and improper trimming toenails. Treatments of these conditions include topical medications, oral medications, and sometimes surgery.
Foot wounds with or without infection can be difficult to treat because treatment often requires patient's to be off their feet or to limit the weight on their feet. The underlying cause of the wound may be trauma, infection, loss of feeling of skin, increased pressure , decreased circulation, improper footwear, or a combination of the above . However, the more common presentation is that of a patient whose health is compromised with diabetes and/or poor circulation.
Flat Foot Syndrome
Flat foot syndrome is also known as pes planus or fallen arches is primarily inherited. In this syndrome, the inner area of the side of the feet do not form an arche giving the appearance of a flat foot instead of a curved appearance. Flat foot syndrome can affect one foot or both feet. This failure of the foot to form an arch results in excessive stress on the foot. Though there may be no discomfort in movement of the feet, people suffering with flat feet can develop pain in the feet, legs and back when standing or walking for long duration. Flat feet can also result in an awkward walking movement.